U.S. IP Laws

At-A-Glance IP Laws and Statutes in the U.S.

View links to relevant laws and regulations pertaining to trademarks and copyright.

Criminal Statutes

§ 2318. Trafficking in counterfeit labels, illicit labels, or counterfeit documentation or packaging

§ 2319. Criminal infringement of a copyright

§ 2319A. Unauthorized fixation of and trafficking in sound recordings and music videos of live musical performances

§ 2319B. Unauthorized recording of Motion pictures in a Motion picture exhibition facility

§ 2320. Trafficking in counterfeit goods or services

§ 2323. Forfeiture, destruction, and restitution

Civil Statutes

Lanham Act, Title 15 U.S.C.

§ 1111. Notice of registration; display with mark; recovery of profits and damages in infringement suit

§ 1114. Remedies; infringement; innocent infringement by printers and publishers

§ 1115. Registration on principal register as evidence of exclusive right to use mark; defenses

§ 1116. Injunctive relief

§ 1117. Recovery for violation of rights

§ 1118. Destruction of infringing articles

§ 1124. Importation of goods bearing infringing marks or names forbidden

§ 1125. False designations of origin, false descriptions, and dilution forbidden

§ 1127. Construction and definitions; intent of chapter

Copyright Act, Title 17 U.S.C.

§ 501. Infringement of copyright

§ 502. Remedies for infringement: Injunctions

§ 503. Remedies for infringement: Impounding and disposition of infringing articles

§ 504. Remedies for infringement: Damages and profits

§ 505. Remedies for infringement: Costs and attorney’s fees

§ 506. Criminal offenses

§ 507. Limitations on actions

§ 510. Remedies for alteration of programming by cable systems

§ 512. Limitations on liability relating to material online

Federal Regulations

Federal Regulations Related to IP Protection of Trademarks

19 C.F.R.

Section 133.21 – Articles bearing counterfeit trademarks

Section 133.22 – Restrictions on importation of articles bearing copying or simulating trademarks

Section 133.23 – Restrictions on importation of gray market articles

Section 133.24 – Restrictions on articles accompanying importer and mail importations

Section 133.25 – Procedure on detention of articles subject to restriction

Section 133.26 – Demand for redelivery of released merchandise

Section 133.27 – Civil fines for those involved in the importation of merchandise bearing a counterfeit mark

Federal Regulations Related to IP Protection of Copyrights

19 C.F.R.

Section 133.42 – Infringing copies or phonorecords

Section 133.43 – Procedure on suspicion of infringing copies

Section 133.44 – Decision of disputed claim of infringement

Section 133.46 – Demand for redelivery of released articles

OTHER STATUTES

Other potentially applicable statutes

Title 18, U.S.C. §1961 et. seq. - RICO

Title 18, U.S.C. §371 - Criminal Conspiracy

Title 18, U.S.C. §1956; §1957 - Money Laundering

Title 18, U.S.C. §1341 - Mail Fraud

Title 18, U.S.C. §1343 - Wire Fraud

Title 18, U.S.C. §542 - Entry of Goods by Means of False Statements

Title 18, U.S.C. §545 - Smuggling Goods into the United States

CUSTOMS LAWS

Title 19 U.S.C.

§ 1337. Unfair practices in import trade

§ 1526. Merchandise bearing American trade-mark

SPECIAL PROVISIONS - Copyright

Special Provisions Related to Mask Works (Microchips, etc.)

§ 901. Definitions

§ 902. Subject matter of protection

§ 903. Ownership, transfer, licensing, and recordation

§ 904. Duration of protection

§ 905. Exclusive rights in mask works

§ 906. Limitation on exclusive rights: reverse engineering; first sale

§ 907. Limitation on exclusive rights: innocent infringement

§ 908. Registration of claims of protection

§ 909. Mask work notice

§ 910. Enforcement of exclusive rights

§ 911. Civil actions

Special Provisions Related to to the Trafficking of Sound Recordings and Music Videos

§ 1101. Unauthorized fixation and trafficking in sound recordings and music videos

Special Provisions Related to Copyright Protection and Management Systems (Circumvention Devices)

§ 1201. Circumvention of copyright protection systems

§ 1202. Integrity of copyright management information

§ 1203. Civil remedies

§ 1204. Criminal offenses and penalties

§ 1205. Savings clause

CUSTOMS DIRECTIVES

Customs Directives Related to Intellectual Property Protection

C.D. 2310-008A – Trademark and Tradename Protection (04/07/2000)

C.D. 2310-010A – Detention and Seizure Authority for Copyright and Trademark Violations (12/11/2000)

C.D. 2310-011A – Personal Use Exemption: Unauthorized Trademarks

OTHER RESOURCES

U.S. Attorneys’ Manual

DOJ Prosecuting Intellectual Property Crimes Manual

DOJ Prosecuting Computer Crimes Manual